What Are Marketing Tactics?

What Are Marketing Tactics?

Marketing tactics are specific tasks designed to execute on your strategy and accomplish your marketing goals.

For example, publishing an infographic as part of your content marketing strategy to increase brand awareness:


Marketing tactics help you appeal to your target audience, maximize sales, and stay competitive. Tactics differ depending on your business niche, budget, and age.

For example, both new and long-standing businesses post on social media to build awareness.

But big brands with more resources might also sponsor an expensive giveaway to encourage advocacy.

Note that marketing tactics differ from marketing strategies or goals. Let’s explore how.

Marketing Tactics vs. Marketing Strategies vs. Marketing Goals

Let’s say your marketing goal is one floor up. In that case, your strategy is the staircase and each tactic is a step.

an infographic showing what marketing strategy is

Your marketing goal is a specific outcome designed to help you achieve broader business objectives. For example, increasing website traffic or boosting sales.

But you need a high-level plan (your marketing strategy) to make that happen.

If your goal is to increase organic traffic, your strategy may be improving your Google rankings using SEO. One tactic could be optimizing your existing content.

Documenting your strategy keeps those involved focused on a core goal. It also prevents you from trying too many random tactics at once, which makes it hard to track what works and what doesn’t.

Split your marketing strategy into several branches to achieve your goals. Break down complex processes into more manageable chunks. So you can track more easily and accurately.

Examples of marketing strategies you could implement include:

Marketing tactics refer to the activities that fall under one of these strategies.

For content marketing, you might write keyword-optimized articles or design linkable infographics.

You could even narrow these down to target specific groups. For example, current or potential customers.

People often use marketing strategies and tactics as interchangeable terms. And although they have different definitions, they both make up the same staircase to reach your goals.

These 12 tactics can help you do just that.

12 Marketing Tactics Examples for Every Small Business

This isn’t an exhaustive list. But you can start on some of these low-effort tactics right now to see results soon:

Your website is the base of your online marketing efforts. So make sure it works correctly and optimize it for users.

Deloitte study discovered that a 0.1s difference in load time impacts every step of the user journey.

Improving load speed can increase conversions for retail sites by an average of 8% and by 10% on average for travel sites.

If your site is too slow, users who find you via search engines may leave quickly.

When that happens often, it increases your bounce rate. This signals to search engines your content might not be worth ranking highly.

So how do you find out how well your site works right now? Semrush’s Site Audit tool makes this process easy.

First, create a project.

"Create project" button in Site Audit tool
Site Audit Settings pop-up window

Read our guide on configuring your site audit to walk through the steps in detail.

Once you’ve set up your project, head to the Site Audit tool. Then click “Start Site Audit.”

You’ll see a dashboard like this:

Site Audit dashboard

The “Site Health” score rates your SEO health. You can see any issues the site has and their importance.

The tool prioritizes these by category:

  1. Errors are the most urgent
  2. Warnings need your attention next
  3. Notices can wait until last
"Errors," "Warnings" and "Notices" scores highlighted in Site Audit dashboard

Click the “Issues” tab for a complete list.

"Issues" tab highlighted in Site Audit

You may find technical SEO issues here, such as:

Click “Why and how to fix it” next to each issue for a walkthrough of what to do.

An example of “Why and how to fix it” section

Once you’ve been through the list, you’ll have a fast, optimized site that’s more discoverable to search engine users.

2. Create High-Quality Content Marketing Assets

Marketing assets are pieces of digital content you create that help you improve lead generation and sales.

All the articles on our blog (including this one) are content marketing assets. Each one targets a different search term. Like “types of content marketing” or “quality content”:

A screenshot of two articles on the Semrush Blog page

If a site finds your content marketing resource useful, it may give it a backlink. These external links are like votes of confidence from one site to another.

The more backlinks you get, the higher you’re likely to rank.

Other content types you can create include:

  • Webinars
  • Podcasts
  • Infographics
  • White papers
  • Templates
  • Case studies
  • Video content

Say you want to start with blog content. All you need is writing software (like Google Docs) and a website (like WordPress). Both are free.

If you’re struggling to create an idea or outline, try Semrush’s all-in-one writing platform, ContentShake.

Let’s say you’re a wedding photographer.

Type in “wedding photography package.” Then, hit “Start for free.”

“wedding photography package” entered in ContentShake search bar

The tool will generate three ideas for content titles.

Click “Start writing” next to the best-fit option.

Title ideas in ContentShake

Artificial intelligence will draft an outline of your article on the dashboard. Along with suggestions for keywords, images, and data.

An outline of the article for a chosen title

You can use it as much as you like. Then, customize your article to fit your company specifics, brand voice, and audience.

Tip: Semrush’s Topic Research tool can generate relevant ideas for engaging content. Then, use the Keyword Magic Tool to target the right keywords.

3. Give Out Free Gifts with Your Products

One of the oldest marketing tricks is to include free gifts with orders.

This strategy uses a psychological tactic known as reciprocity, in which we exchange things with others for mutual benefit.

For example, SourceBMX gives out free stickers with every order:

SourceBMX gives out free stickers with every order

This low-cost marketing tactic is targeted to its audience. Cyclists love stickers for their bikes to make them more eye-catching and identifiable.

The more you spend with SourceBMX, the higher-quality gift you get. From bike accessories to valve caps and clothing.

When you offer value upfront, people tend to give something back. If you give out a free sample of a new product with an order, customers may feel more obliged to buy it.

Even if they don’t purchase right away, you still begin building positive relationships with prospects.

And long-term loyalty and advocacy can set you apart in today’s competitive marketplace.

Some examples of free branded gifts you could offer include:

  • Stickers
  • Tote bags
  • T-shirts
  • Candy
  • Mugs
  • Coasters
  • Stress balls
  • Magnets

4. Encourage User-Generated Content

User-generated content (UGC) is content that customers—not brands—create. In marketing, it usually refers to social posts people share about your company without you paying them.

Why is it such an effective marketing tactic?

Because people trust other people’s opinions more than brands.

And for people to buy from you, they have to trust you.

This free book we sent out to #SemrushChat contributors became user-generated content:

A post from the user "Mellisa Fach" thanking Semrush for the book she won

It allowed us to thank a dedicated segment of our audience. And gave us some extra visibility on X (formerly Twitter) when they thanked us back.

The type of user-generated content will impact how much it costs and how long it takes, but in some cases, it can be low-effort and low-cost.

In others, it can be time- and cost-intensive. So you have to decide what type of user-generated content could work for you and your budget.

Although you might not have the resources to print hundreds of books, that’s not your only option.

Here are some free ways you can encourage people to create content about your brand:

  • Use modern design or packaging that customers want to show off
  • Showcase different use cases for your product on social media that others will copy
  • Start a branded hashtag campaign and include it in your bio
  • Look at your existing UGC and find trends you can double down on
  • Host a UGC-focused giveaway or competition
  • Offer discount codes for anyone who takes part
  • Feature your favorite photos on your site or social media platforms to generate awareness

The more visibility you get, the more user-generated content you’ll acquire naturally. Offering aesthetically pleasing products will give you a good head start.

Pro tip: Keep up with any company mentions and find UGC in real time with Semrush’s Brand Monitoring tool.

5. Use Paid Digital Marketing Channels

Pay-per-click (PPC) advertising is a digital marketing tactic where companies pay platforms to host their ads. Each time a user clicks on the ad, the company pays a fee.

You can use these ads in addition to organic content to increase your rankings in search engine results pages (SERPs) and get more traffic to your site.

Google Ads (previously Google AdWords) is the most well-known and popular PPC platform.

The results you see on top of the SERPs with “Sponsored” next to them are PPC ads:

Google SERP for "mid century modern lamp" search with "sponsored" posts highlighted

The tech giant relies on these for much of its revenue. In Q2 2023, the platform made $74.6 billion—$58.1 billion from Google advertising.

You can use PPC advertising to target important keywords in your niche. Or as a unique way to stand out from your competition.

For example, when Londoners search for competitor gyms, they see a cheeky PPC ad from Gymbox:

Google SERP for "third space gym" search shows Gymbox PPC ad as the first result

These one-liners are a clever way to increase the gym’s brand awareness within its local target audience.

Google isn’t your only option, however. Here are some more PPC platforms:

  • Bing Ads
  • Facebook Ads
  • LinkedIn Ads
  • Twitter Ads
  • BidVertiser
  • RevContent

The platform you choose will depend on where your target audience is. If your target demographic is teenagers, LinkedIn is not likely your top choice.

Once you know your audience, you can target them with the right ad in the right place.

Pro tip: Check out our PPC Toolkit to help you plan, analyze, and optimize your Google ad campaigns.

6. Launch a Referral Program

A referral program encourages customers to promote your business in exchange for rewards. These rewards could be money or merchandise.

Why is it such an effective tactic?

Because happy customers and positive word-of-mouth marketing are your biggest assets.

Nielsen’s Trust in Advertising latest report confirmed that 88% of respondents trust recommendations from people they know the most.

If customers share great experiences, they want their loved ones to experience them, too.

Of course, they will also share any negative experiences so others can avoid their frustration.

Eco-friendly cleaning brand Branch Basics teamed up with ReferralCandy to create a referral program that generated more than $1.5 million in sales.

Branch Basics referral program page

The team used a simple formula:

  • New customers get $10 off their first order
  • Returning customers get $10 off their next order if they refer a friend

Over two years, the campaign drove over 21,000 social shares and 63,000 store visits. Both of which helped increase sales and grow the brand.

Your referral program should offer something truly valuable:

  • Points for rewards
  • Discount codes
  • A free month’s subscription
  • Cash payments
  • Account credit

Whatever makes the most sense for your business.

Already have a referral program that no one knows about? Create a popup on your site or share it in a newsletter.

7. Reward Your Loyal Customers

Encourage retention by recognizing and rewarding those responsible for repeat purchases. Unlike a referral program, you don’t ask for anything in return with this marketing tactic.

In a 2022 PwC survey, one-third of respondents said human interaction was a crucial element of loyalty to a company. For many types of businesses, that number increased to over 50%.

A reward system adds a human element that proves there’s a person behind your business who appreciates their customers.

For instance, Good Pair Days is a wine subscription service that offers multiple benefits and rewards for loyalty.

For every box you buy, you collect points that lead to limited edition merchandise and special pre-release bottles.

Good Pair Days’ merchandise page

In addition, participants get free samples, birthday wine, and anniversary bottles. Your points remain if you pause or cancel your subscription.

These bonuses are some of the reasons customers rate Good Pair Days as 4.9 out of 5 on Trustpilot.

Good Pair Days’ rating on Trustpilot

That type of system may not suit your setup. But there are plenty of ways to reward loyal customers:

  • Launch an exclusive beta or early access service
  • Send out new products for them to test
  • Offer discounts for multiple purchases
  • Create a loyalty card program
  • Build an invite-only community of fans and ask for feedback
  • Arrange an in-person event

First, determine what makes your product or service valuable to customers. Then, work your rewards around that.

If it’s for a long-term subscription business, offer a free month. If you have impressive branding, give away cool merchandise.

If you’re not sure what will resonate with your customers, ask them.

Social media trends and challenges are sound clips, dance routines, or video formats that encourage user participation. You can use them to attract younger audiences and show off your brand’s personality.

Because so many people get involved, they often go viral. Viral content increases brand awareness and allows you to identify new customers.

The TikTok challenge “Flip the Switch” involves two people switching outfits to Drake’s song “Nonstop.”

While the song plays in the background, one person turns off the lights to the lyrics, “I just flipped the switch.”

Two people in the TikTok challenge “Flip the Switch” in one outfit

When the lights come back on a second later, the duo have swapped clothes.

Two people in the TikTok challenge “Flip the Switch” in a changed outfit

The more entertaining and funny social media content is, the better. People like to make other people laugh. Which is why this trend works so well.

Your brand can get involved in popular challenges and trends such as these.

Is there a song or audio clip that would make sense for your business to use?

Let’s say you’re a florist. You could create a video using the trending TikTok song “Flowers” by Miley Cyrus.

You may not go mega-viral. But you’ll likely get more views and engagement than you would if you didn’t take part.

Can’t find a suitable trend or challenge? Create your own, as Chipotle did.

The fast food chain pushed the hashtag #GuacDance. Then challenged its followers to dance for free guacamole using a sound clip from YouTube children’s entertainer Dr. Jean:

Chipotle’s #GuacDance challenge

Over six days, the chain received over 250,000 video submissions. Thanks to the promotion, Chipotle served more than 800,000 sides of the condiment alongside orders in one day.

Chipotle is a huge brand. But it uses an accessible idea: an annual event or day that relates to your business.

There are plenty of them out there you could use for inspiration.

For example:

  • Festival of Sleep Day (January)
  • World Compliment Day (March)
  • Eat What You Want Day (May)
  • World Emoji Day (July)
  • World Tourism Day (September)
  • Small Business Saturday (November)

Browse through viral brand trends, songs, and events to see where it makes sense to get involved.

Then, break down what makes your product, service, or audience unique and create a trend or challenge around that element.

9. Partner with Other Brands

A marketing partnership is when two or more brands collaborate strategically to achieve a goal. To be successful, both companies must have a target audience segment that overlaps.

For example, female skate collective GRLSWIRL recently collaborated with female sports brand Roxy.

They created an ecommerce campaign for co-branded products:

GRLSWIRL and Roxy ecommerce campaign

And the partnership extended to a relevant content marketing series called “Skate Diaries”:

Roxy & GRLSWIRL "Skate Diaries" YouTube thumbnail

The goal of these retail products was to increase Roxy’s physical sales. (GRLSWIRL may get a commission.)

But the smaller brand’s campaign goal was likely to increase traffic and brand awareness through its partnership with Roxy.

Because both brands focus on female-led sports and apparel, they were a perfect marketing match.

Are you a solo business owner?

Partnering with another brand can temporarily expand your marketing team. You get all the resources and experience of another company without paying for it.

But don’t work with direct competitors because you risk losing business.

Instead, choose another company in a related niche that shares your marketing goal. For example, building your Instagram follower count to increase website visitors.

For a drinks brand, choose a complementary food brand. If you run a marketing automation platform, team up with a behavior analytics tool such as HubSpot or CrazyEgg.

Pro tip: Considering partnering with another brand? Here are our tips to find partners to improve your marketing strategy using One2Target.

10. Host a Contest

Run a contest for increased brand awareness, engagement, and leads. You could have one or several winners.

For example, Brisbane City aimed to raise awareness to encourage tourism. The online resource ran a Christmas competition to win one of 12 unique stays.

Brisbane City’s Christmas competition page

The team expected around 1,500 entries. They collected 7,285 leads. And the Brisbane City Instagram account gained more than 2,500 new followers.

Why are competitions like these so successful?

Because winning alters the chemistry in our brains. It triggers the release of the feel-good chemical dopamine. And when we experience it, we want more.

Winning contests satisfies this need. Plus, we get something for free.

The Zero Price Effect is a psychological principle that dictates that we magnify the benefit of free things. The lower the effort, the greater the temptation. Sharing a brand’s story on Instagram is a low-effort example.

You’re already a step ahead if you can offer a great prize. You could also partner with another brand to double your resources and boost both your visibilities.

Here are some of the contests your brand could run:

  • Increase social media follows: Tag a friend and follow your page to increase social media followers
  • Sign-up with contact details on landing pages to gather lead information
  • Create hashtag challenges on TikTok or Instagram to improve brand engagement
  • Encourage user-generated content to showcase unique product use-cases
  • Social media trends or challenges to raise brand awareness
  • Customer giveaways to drive conversion rates and sales
  • Quizzes or trivia to gain user insights about brand knowledge

Use the type of contest to glean something from your audience. Whether that’s contact details or social media content.

It’s also an opportunity to present yourself in a fresh, creative way. Plus, gain new customers and reconnect with existing ones.

11. Leverage Influencer Marketing

Influencer marketing is when businesses collaborate with individuals who have a substantial social media following.

People use their influence (hence the name) to promote branded products and services.

Have you ever come across a person’s post on Instagram that says “paid partnership” or “#Ad?” That’s influencer marketing.

The Influencer Marketing Benchmark Report 2023 estimates influencer marketing to be worth $21.1 billion by the end of 2023.

Here’s an example from Rheal Superfoods and influencer Nicole Robinson:

Rheal Superfoods’s sponsored Instagram post with Nicole Robinson

Nicole’s followers can get 20% off Rheal products using this unique code.

Brands offer influencers some kind of incentive to work with them. It’s usually financial but could also be free products.

In exchange, you get to win your customers’ trust and expand your audience. That only works if you choose someone whose persona matches your brand values.

Finding the perfect influencer can be tricky.

You need to analyze your competitors’ accounts and hashtags to see who they work with. Then, try a dedicated tool to compare performance metrics and outreach tactics.

Some of our favorites include:

You can narrow down your best choice from Influencer Analytics’ database of over 27 million YouTube, TikTok, and Twitch influencers.

Let’s take YouTube.

Head to “Influencer Discovery” and select “YouTube.”


Click “Filters” on the top right of the dashboard.


Choose your filters, such as ideal subscriber count, category, and pricing.

Influencer Analytics then returns a list of results based on those filters.


Click on each influencer profile for extra facts and contact information.

Found your perfect match? Send them an email or direct message with your proposal.

Here’s an example:

An example of an email reaching out to an influencer

Pro tip: New to influencer marketing? Check out our full guide to email outreach. (The tactics can work for social media DMs too.)

12. Go Against the Grain

Guerrilla marketing campaigns rely on unique and unconventional displays to drive publicity. Brands use this marketing tactic to raise brand awareness with a large audience.

For example, to promote its crime drama “The Sopranos,” HBO drove taxis around the city with a fake arm hanging out of the trunk alongside an ad.

A taxi with a fake arm hanging out of the trunk and an ad for "The Sopranos"

This spooky tactic might have caused a few 911 calls, but it cost next to nothing and created a lot of buzz.

In more recent times, rapper Childish Gambino’s team marketed his new EP “Summertime Magic” with free ice cream.

An Instagram post of “Summertime Magic” with ice cream

As New Yorkers lined up for free treats, the team blasted songs from the EP on a loudspeaker.

Although this wasn’t as shocking as an arm hanging out of a taxi, people didn’t expect it. So it stood out against their daily activities.

Both of these examples are from big brands. But the only major cost was Childish Gambino’s ice cream bill. Apart from that, they’re low-cost and accessible.

You need a strong value proposition for a guerilla marketing campaign to work. That means a unique reason why customers should choose you over your competitors.

For example:

  • The Sopranos series is shocking and unexpected at every turn
  • Childish Gambino’s ice cream lets you hold “Summertime Magic” in your hand

Once you pinpoint your own, you can work out a way to stop people in their tracks. Interrupt their day without frustrating them and you’ve nailed it.

You could:

  • Hand out sample products
  • Place empty packaging around town to catch people’s eye with your striking branding
  • Hold a popup shop in the street somewhere unusual (with the right permissions!)
  • Get a local statue to wear a branded product (again, with the right permissions)

How to Choose the Right Marketing Tactics for Your Business

The right marketing tactics for your business depend on multiple factors, including your industry, budget, and audience demographic.

Here’s how to pick the best-fit tactics to complement your strategy and goals:

Narrow Down Tactics That Fit Your Strategy

Your marketing tactics will depend on several factors. Use these to narrow your focus:

  • Your time frame
  • Your budget and resources
  • Your target audience
  • Your applicable marketing channels

Then, create a list of general marketing tactics that fit your focus. This could include sending an email newsletter, arranging a competition, or creating free samples to include with orders.

We’ll narrow these down in the next section.

Choose SMART Tactics That Fit Your Niche and Product

Use the SMART methodology to consider your niche and product. It stands for:

  • Specific: Narrow down “arrange a competition” to “arrange a latte art competition over TikTok with a $100 prize”
  • Measurable: Make sure you can track progress accurately and know when you’ve succeeded
  • Attainable: Choose achievable tactics that you have the resources to pull off confidently
  • Relevant: Choose tactics that highlight your unique offer and help you achieve your strategy
  • Time-bound: Ensure you have a deadline to stay motivated and know which tactics to prioritize
An infographic explaining "SMART" marketing objectives

Define your marketing strategy and tactics with the SMART methodology to create your focused list.

Let’s say you’re a realtor.

In this case, viewing hundreds of relevant LinkedIn profiles to get contact requests and build your network will likely work.

This tactic won’t have the same impact for a business-to-consumer (B2C) brand. But a public stunt for attention (with the right product targeted at the right place, such as in the above examples) could.

In the case of business-to-business (B2B) brands, you need initiatives that cater to a longer buying cycle.

Creating SMART marketing tactics helps keep your strategy on track. And a successful strategy means you meet—maybe even exceed—your marketing goals.

All Marketing Starts with a Credible Website

Your website is your digital marketing strategy’s most critical tool.

Start with a Site Audit to make sure it’s in tip-top shape. Then, move on to creating keyword-optimized content using the Keyword Magic Tool.

As a bonus, the relevant terms it reveals can inspire ideas for the other marketing tactics on this list.


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